Compaction in the mammary gland in children
author: pediatrician Zheludkov A.S.
Breast compaction in children can occur for various reasons. The reason may be the growth of the tumor (often fibroadenomas). In girls, induration (tellarhe) in the mammary gland may be due to the premature onset of the activity of the genital organs (ovaries). However, of particular interest is the increase in the mammary glands - gynecomastia.
What is the reason for the development of gynecomastia?
Discussions of seals in the breast are reflected in the relevant material in sufficient detail, but children have their own characteristics.
The development of gynecomastia is associated with the growth of the tissue of the mammary glands in boys and an increase in their size. The cause of the growth of the mammary glands is excessive estrogen production, or reduced testosterone production. Thus, the development of gynecomastia in children is associated with an imbalance of sex hormones.
It should be noted that physiological gynecomastia occurs in newborns. It is due to the increased content of maternal hormones in the body of a newborn and is observed in every second child.
In adolescence, boys develop pubertal transient gynecomastia. Its manifestations are barely noticeable in nature, and most often both breasts of the child are involved in the process.
Hyperproduction of female hormones in boys can be a manifestation of a number of diseases. For example, an increased level of estrogen in a child’s body is observed in testicular tumors, hypogonadism, impaired metabolism of sex hormones, and other conditions.
In children, an increase in the mammary glands can occur due to excess fat deposition in the chest. In this case, the growth of the mammary gland does not occur. In this case, talking about false gynecomastia.
Symptoms of gynecomastia during compaction
If you suspect a gynecomastia child, first of all they answer the question whether true or false gynecomastia is observed in this case. Sometimes, when pressing on the area of the enlarged and condensed chest, pain may appear. This is a sign of the rapid growth of gland tissues. In addition, a secret of a different nature can be separated from the nipple (colostrum, bloody, serous discharge).
If the diagnosis of gynecomastia is beyond doubt, determine the cause of the violation of the hormonal status of the child. Examine the state of the adrenal glands, kidneys, thyroid, liver, determine the level of testosterone, prolactin, the presence of signs of hypogonadism.
Treatment of breast gynecomastia in a child
In the period of newborn and puberty, gynecomastia usually passes without any treatment independently. Parents and teenagers are informed that these manifestations are temporary and persist for 3 years.
The purpose of drug treatment is shown, with persisting manifestations of more than three years, as well as with unexplained (idiopathic) gynecomastia in children before puberty.
Currently, there is some information about the effectiveness of androstanolone. This drug, diluted in a water-alcohol gel, is prescribed in the form of skin applications 2 times a day.
The use of surgical methods of treatment is indicated while maintaining the symptoms of gynecomastia after the end of the puberty period. The operation is to remove excess fat and glandular tissue.
Author: doctor Rudenko MG
It so happens that a person himself can find in his ribs some kind of seals that can plunge him into confusion and fear. As a rule, if you find any kind of seals in the area of the ribs in yourself or your relatives, you should definitely consult a doctor so that he can schedule a detailed examination. Exactly, having passed such an examination, it will be possible to say with complete confidence what kind of compaction it is.
author: doctor Burenkova N.V.
There are situations when a person gropes in himself for any seals between the ribs. This may scare, cause some anxiety and become one of the reasons for a quick visit to the doctor for examination and prescription of treatment. We will talk about what could be the causes of seals between the ribs and the treatment tactics.
author: doctor Patvakanyan Nana
Consolidation in the mammary gland is the formation of single or multiple nodes, bumps, or other changes in the mammary gland. May be accompanied by painful sensations, nipple discharge, external changes in the breast. Seals can be both physiological and pathological. Can also be observed not only in women, but also in men and children.
author: pediatrician Shaynoga T.V.
Mastopathy is a disease associated with an inflammatory process in the breast tissue. In 90% of primiparous women, mastitis occurs during breastfeeding, and the occurrence of this disease can also occur regardless of pregnancy and childbirth.
author: gynecologist Vakulenko AG
Everyone has long known that adenoma is a tumor, and a benign one. A common cause of breast adenoma is hormonal failure. And to be more precise, the balance of estrogen is upset.
author: doctor Saturday A.A.
What can mean when the right side of the chest hurts? Is it worth to sound the alarm and go to the clinic? Or is it still not dangerous, and you can cope with this at home with the help of medicines from a home first aid kit? The answer is ambiguous. You need to have an idea of what this could be. Attention should be paid to the strength of the pain, its nature, duration of time, dependence on a particular factor, as well as the symptoms accompanying the pain.
author: pediatrician Shaynoga T.V.
Making a decision about weaning a baby from breastfeeding is not so easy.