How many live with Parkinson's disease
author: doctor Slyusareva L.V.
They live as much as they are healthy, just the quality of life is somewhat worse. It is an incurable chronic disease of the nervous system, which does not affect the duration of life.
Many famous people suffered from this ailment and retired a little earlier than due to the imperfection of the methods of treatment. For the duration of their life the disease had no effect and did not prevent them from becoming outstanding personalities. The main Chinese Communist Mao Zedong, the Spanish dictator Franco, the great Spanish painter Salvador Dali, our contemporary poet Andrei Voznesensky and many other people have been ill almost all their lives. Over time, the methods of treatment are constantly being improved, and a growing number of patients can continue to live a full life.
Another name for parkinson's disease is a trembling paralysis, it accurately reflects the essence of the pathological process. There is still no complete clarity in this matter, many points have not been studied at all.
Today, scientists know that the basis of suffering is the mass death of nerve cells that produce dopamine. Dopamine is needed to smoothly transfer the pulse from the nerve fiber to the muscle. The cause of this death, no one has yet found out, and Parkinson's disease is manifested as follows:
· Uncontrolled trembling - begins in the fingers and without treatment can gradually cover the entire body
· Slow and awkwardness of simple movements - it is difficult to take a spoon, comb or toothbrush, button fastening can develop into a long process
· Stiffness of muscles and loss of motor automatisms - dressing, lighting up or combing is broken down into a mass of small clumsy movements
· Violation of handwriting and swallowing - happen in very neglected cases
• Depression and dementia - they are more age-related than the disease itself.
The cause of the disease is not established thoroughly. In all countries - rich and poor, southern and northern, developed and backward - the number of patients is approximately the same and ranges from 60 to 140 people per 100 thousand. Factors of influence of heredity, poor ecology, nutrition characteristics and others are discussed, but there is still no consensus . For some reason, this disease is less affected by smokers and coffee lovers, but so far only statistical dependence has been revealed.
All over the world, tremor paralysis is treated symptomatically, that is, using drugs and other methods get rid of the manifestations of the disease.
Medications are used mainly that improve the transmission of nerve impulses - levodopa, bromocriptine and others, which has a different effect.
Surgical treatment is used when the movements are too slow. Modern surgeons use mainly the radiological method, with the least damage to the healthy nervous structures of the brain.
An attempt to treat stem cells has an equal number of supporters and opponents, especially since no unambiguously positive results have been obtained.
The most effective method for today is neurostimulation. The essence of the method is that the damaged brain structures are irritated by an electric current of small amplitude. The device is similar to a pacemaker, only the wires are implanted in the brain. Importance of nutrition in Parkinson's disease is of no small importance.
The sequence is as follows: first, electrodes are inserted into the structures of the brain under the MRI control using a microscope, and a test current is applied to them. The patient is conscious, right on the operating table the necessary parameters of electrostimulation are selected. After this, the neurostimulator is sewn under the skin of the sternum. Immediately there is no need to take medication, and after healing the patient learns to adjust the parameters of stimulation.
Science goes forward - you just have to live and expect new methods of treating the disease.
author: doctor Tyutyunnik DM
With such a disease as Parkinson's disease, massage is considered a very important technique, as the patient loses the ability to move freely. Massage promotes the renewal of muscle mobility, but it is especially important that it has a positive effect on the central nervous system. When Parkinsonism massage is desirable to do daily or at least every other day. In complex therapy, this gives an excellent result.
author: doctor Sholenkina О.N.
Parkinson's disease is a chronic disease of the central nervous system, which is based on a disturbance in the metabolism of dopamine (a substance due to which the nerve impulses involved in the implementation of motor acts are transmitted in the human body), the disease is clinically manifested by motor disorders.
author: doctor Makarenkova T.Yu.
Parkinson's disease is a steadily progressing disease of the central nervous system of a neurodegenerative nature that has a chronic course. In this disease, brain cells do not produce, or produce it in small quantities, dopamine - a neurotransmitter, which provides normal life activity of neurons in the human brain. In the absence of dopamine, neurons in the brain disrupt their vital functions and subsequently die, which leads to the manifestation of characteristic clinical symptoms.
author: doctor Tyutyunnik DM
Parkinson's disease is usually called chronic disease, which is typical for people of older age. The disease occurs in connection with the destruction and death of neurons of the midbrain and other parts of the central nervous system.