Author: endocrinologist Andretsova N.V.
Typically, patients who are recommended such an operation want to know what it is and how dangerous it is.
What is resection?
The surgical removal of a diseased painful process of the thyroid gland or its part is called a resection of the thyroid gland.
Is it possible to do without surgery?
The need for surgical treatment of the thyroid gland arises when conservative treatment does not give adequate results or the pathological process present in the gland tissue is a threat to the life of the patient.
Given the complexity of the operation, to obtain excellent results, you should contact a qualified endocrinologist at a specialized clinic.
When a patient is approached by an endocrinologist, the surgeon specifies the diagnosis by analyzing the results of the ultrasound examination, indicators of the gland function, the conclusion of a cytological examination after the fine-needle puncture biopsy of the existing nodes to determine the need for surgery and its volume.
Indications for mandatory surgical treatment
1. Cancer of the thyroid gland.
2. Thyroid nodulation more than 3 cm with the absence of convincing data in favor of a benign process based on cytological and ultrasound data.
3. Hormonally active nodes that cause thyrotoxicosis - toxic adenoma.
4. Significant goiter, causing compression of the neck organs.
What types of resection are there?
Given the nature and extent of the process, the volume of the operation may be as follows:
1. Excision of the diseased portion of one lobe of the gland.
2. Resection of half of the gland — removal of the whole lobe and part or all of the isthmus — hemithyroidectomy — is performed when one lobe is damaged.
3. Resection of the isthmus of the gland, if there is a node in it.
4. Bilateral resection of areas of the gland with pathology.
5. In the case of a subtotal resection in a case of diffuse or multinodular toxic, almost the entire gland will gobble up, leaving about 6g of its healthy tissue.
6. In cancer, multinodular goiter of large sizes, autoimmune thyroiditis removes all the gland.
The high level of modern surgery makes it possible for thyroid cancer to prevent the relapse of the disease from initially reducing the risk of postoperative complications such as bleeding, paresis of the vocal cords, and the development of hypoparathyroidism. Subsequent observation of the endocrinologist will make it possible to adjust the hormonal background with thyroid hormone preparations. This will allow the patient to lead a full life, without reducing its quality.
author: doctor Tyutyunnik D.M.
If we talk about the puncture study of the thyroid gland, then it takes place in cases if a patient has a neoplasm with a diameter greater than 1 cm. Thanks to a unique technique, an endocrinologist can get the necessary information about the alleged disease and establish an accurate diagnosis.
With the help of puncture information about the exact structure of the tumor, its distinctive features from the natural tissues, as well as the absence or presence of the malignant nature of the disease.
author: doctor Saplinov K.N.
The method of puncturing the tissue of the thyroid gland and its subsequent research under a microscope is widely used in the diagnosis of diseases of the thyroid gland. The study of the obtained tissue of the gland allows you to find out not only the nature of the disease (benign or malignant tumor), but also to clarify the tissue identity of the tumor.
author: doctor Shaimerdenova DS
The thyroid gland is one of the most important organs of internal secretion, it is located in the lower part of the neck, small in size and divided into two lobes - the right and left.
author: doctor Shevcherko N.G.
This procedure becomes common and often causes many questions and concerns. We will try to make out what a puncture of the thyroid gland is and what to expect as a result.
author: gynecologist Bun A. M.
Resection of the labia or labioplasty is a surgical procedure aimed at changing the size and shape of the labia.
author: gynecologist Gurshtynovich V.M.
Resection ( from the Latin . Resectio - cut ) ovary - an operation that consists in partial excision of the affected organ.
author: doctor Patvakanyan Nana
One of the most effective ways to treat polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is wedge-shaped resection of the ovaries. PCOS syndrome is a hereditary disease during which the hormonal balance is disturbed, and the amount of male hormones increases in the female body.
author: doctor Koshen AK
In our dynamically developing modern world, all the same problems of past years remain, which for some reason are not solved, but, on the contrary, are even more aggravated. The technological area is well developed, i.e. This is all kinds of gadgets, robotics, and technology in general. This includes medical devices. More and more new methods of early diagnosis and the least traumatic invasive treatment are being developed and implemented, while prevention has remained in its place.