Pirogov Nikolai Ivanovich
Pirogov Nikolai Ivanovich (1810-1881) - Russian surgeon, founder of the atlas of topographic anatomy (mutual location anatomy), founder of Russian military surgery and anesthesia (the science of anesthesia).
Nikolai Ivanovich was born in Moscow. At the age of 14, he entered the Moscow University, Faculty of Medicine. At 26, he was a doctor of medical sciences. After some time in St. Petersburg, he organized a hospital clinic, where he developed his own surgical methods of treatment, which less often led to amputation of limbs than surgical techniques before him.
Topographic anatomy appeared when Nikolai Ivanovich began using frozen corpses. This allowed surgeons to be aware of the relative position of the tissues, which are discussed in detail in Pirogov’s atlas, and this led to less traumatization of the operated and faster recovery. Also, the atlas of Pirogov became the basis in the applied field of surgery - operative surgery.
Nikolai Ivanovich fixed his achievements in the field of topographic anatomy and operative surgery in the Caucasus, and also applied anesthesia methods - anesthetized ether.
The Crimean War strengthened not only military field skills, but also became the site of the first use of gypsum, which ultimately led to a decrease in amputation. Military surgery consisted in a quick assessment of the state of a soldier and a decision about hospitalization to the rear in case of non-critical condition or urgent operation on the front.
At the age of 67, Nikolai Ivanovich was entrusted with the task of organizing a medical service during the Russian-Turkish war.
In 1881, Nikolai Vasilievich Sklifosovsky found cancer of the upper jaw in Nikolai Ivanovich, and in 1881 Nikolai Ivanovich Pirogov died.
His name is named Russian Medical University.
author material: doctor Kuznetsov MA
Inozemtsev Fedor Ivanovich entered the history of Russian public health, not only as an outstanding surgeon and doctor of medicine, but also a reformer. The name of Fyodor Ivanovich is attributed to the first in the Russian Empire ether anesthesia, carried out during an operation to remove a breast tumor. In addition, the development of methods for the treatment of cholera, scientific works from the field of research of the autonomic nervous system is also associated with his name.
Bobrov Alexander Alekseevich (1850-1904) is a graduate of the medical faculty of Moscow University, where he distinguished himself as a student for his work on the topic "Concussion of the brain and traumatic shock." The practice was held in the clinic of the surgeon Novatsky.
Sklifosovsky Nikolai Vasilyevich (1836-1904) - the founder of abdominal military surgery, director of the Imperial Institute in St. Petersburg.
Peter Ivanovich Dyakonov (1855-1908) is one of the eminent surgeons of Russia. His activity in medicine was distinguished by a wide range of interests and discoveries. He showed particular interest in the development of topographic anatomy. Among the main contributions of Peter Ivanovich to this science, a special place is occupied by the description of the retrosternal space, made by fiber.