Pirogov Nikolay Ivanovich
Pirogov Nikolai Ivanovich (1810-1881) - Russian surgeon, the founder of the atlas of topographic anatomy (anatomy of mutual disposition), the founder of Russian military surgery and anesthesia (the science of pain management).
Nikolai Ivanovich was born in Moscow. At the age of 14, he entered the Moscow State University for a medical faculty. At the age of 26 he was a doctor of medical sciences. After a while in St. Petersburg, he organized a hospital clinic, where he developed his own surgical methods of treatment, which led to amputation of the extremities rather than surgical techniques before him.
Topographical anatomy appeared when Nikolai Ivanovich began to use frozen corpses. This allowed surgeons to be aware of the mutual arrangement of tissues, which are discussed in detail in Pirogov's atlas, and this led to less traumatization of operated and faster recovery. Also Pirogov's atlas became the basis in the applied field of surgery - surgical surgery.
His achievements in the field of topographic anatomy and surgical surgery, Nikolai Ivanovich fortified in the Caucasus, and also used methods of anesthesia - anesthetized with ether.
The Crimean war strengthened not only military field skills, but also became the place of first use of gypsum, which ultimately led to a reduction in amputation. Military surgery consisted in the rapid assessment of the soldier's condition and the decision to hospitalize in the rear for an uncritical state or urgent operation at the front.
At the age of 67, Nikolai Ivanovich was entrusted with organizing medical service in the Russo-Turkish war.
In 1881 Nikolai Vasilyevich Sklifosovsky discovered Nikolai Ivanovich's cancer of the upper jaw and in 1881 Nikolai Ivanovich Pirogov passed away.
His name is the Russian Medical University.
author of the article: MD Kuznetsov MA
Inozemtsev Fyodor Ivanovich entered the history of Russian public health, not only as an outstanding surgeon and doctor of medicine, but also as a reformer. The name of Feodor Ivanovich is associated with the first in the Russian Empire ethereal anesthesia, carried out during an operation to remove a breast tumor. In addition, the development of methods for treating cholera, scientific works from the field of research of the autonomic nervous system is also associated with his surname.
Bobrov Alexander Alekseevich (1850-1904) is a graduate of the Medical Faculty of Moscow University, where he distinguished himself as a student for his work on "Concussion and traumatic shock". Practice was held in the clinic of surgeon Novatsky.
Sklifosovsky Nikolai Vasilyevich (1836-1904) - the founder of military surgery of the abdominal cavity, the director of the Imperial Institute in St. Petersburg.
Petr Ivanovich Dyakonov (1855-1908) is one of the outstanding surgeons in Russia. His activity in medicine was characterized by a wide range of interests and discoveries. He showed special interest in the development of topographic anatomy. Among the main contributions of Petr Ivanovich to this science, a special place is taken by the description of the squat space made by fiber.