Pirogov Nikolay Ivanovich
Pirogov Nikolai Ivanovich (1810-1881) - Russian surgeon, the founder of the atlas of topographic anatomy (anatomy of mutual disposition), the founder of Russian military surgery and anesthesia (the science of pain management).
Nikolai Ivanovich was born in Moscow. At the age of 14, he entered the Moscow University in the medical faculty. At the age of 26 he was a doctor of medical sciences. After a while in St. Petersburg, he organized a hospital clinic, where he developed his own surgical methods of treatment, which led to amputation of the extremities rather than surgical techniques before him.
Topographic anatomy appeared when Nikolai Ivanovich began to use frozen corpses. This allowed surgeons to be aware of the mutual arrangement of tissues, which are discussed in detail in Pirogov's atlas, and this led to less traumatization of operated and faster recovery. Also Pirogov's atlas became the basis in the applied field of surgery - surgical surgery.
His achievements in the field of topographic anatomy and surgical surgery, Nikolai Ivanovich fortified in the Caucasus, and also used methods of anesthesia - anesthetized with ether.
The Crimean war strengthened not only the field skills, but also became the place of first use of gypsum, which ultimately led to a reduction in amputation. Military surgery consisted in the rapid assessment of the soldier's condition and the decision to hospitalize in the rear in an uncritical state or urgent operation at the front.
At the age of 67, Nikolai Ivanovich was entrusted with organizing a medical service in the Russian-Turkish war.
In 1881, Nikolai Vasilyevich Sklifosovsky discovered Nikolai Ivanovich's cancer of the upper jaw and in 1881 Nikolai Ivanovich Pirogov died.
His name is the Russian Medical University.
Author of the article: MD Kuznetsov MA
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