Is Parkinson's Disease Treated?
author: doctor Kraevskaya Elena
Parkinsonism is a group of chronic diseases associated with disruption of the brain and spinal cord. And before we talk about treatment, let's look at the causes of the disease for its symptoms and diagnosis.
Most often, the first symptoms appear at the age of 55 - 60 years. Sometimes there is an earlier beginning of Parkinson - up to 40 years. There are cases of illness in children and adolescents. Parkinson's disease does not give preference to age, sex, social status and place of residence.
Causes of the disease
As the doctors say, etymology, that is, the cause of the disease, is not known. But here are some factors that may be her:
· Hereditary predisposition;
· Viral infections;
· Severe craniocerebral trauma;
· Diseases of cerebral vessels;
· Old age.
What happens in this case
The first symptoms appear from the moment of death of certain cells of the nervous system in the brain. As a result, the production of a chemical substance called dopamine, which is responsible for the transmission of the nerve signal, is reduced. Its absence leads to the fact that nerve impulses do not flow to the next section of the brain and, accordingly, to the muscles. The visible manifestation of this process is the loss of control by a person over his movements.
The disease develops slowly, and the first symptoms are not noticeable. Usually a person starts complaining about fatigue and general malaise. Gait changes, there is a nasal voice, perhaps confused speech. With the development of the disease, more characteristic symptoms become more noticeable, namely:
Tremor . These are fast, rhythmic movements resembling a shiver. Usually they start with the hands, less often from the feet or lower jaw. More pronounced tremor in a calm state, less noticeable in movement, can completely stop during sleep.
Slow motion of limbs . Our movements are possible due to the reduction of some muscles and the relaxation of others. In patients with Parkinson, there is no balance between them due to impairment of nerve impulse transmission. The movements of such people are not smooth, but intermittent.
Change the facial expression . Mimic activity practically ceases. The face is more like a mask.
Stoop . A person not only descends his shoulders and rounds his back, but his head is always in an inclined position.
Violation of coordination . It is difficult for such people to keep their balance, they often fall.
Depression . This symptom is present at all stages of the disease.
Violation of the excretory functions of the body . Over time, there are problems with urination, intestinal work and sweating.
Insomnia and other symptoms.
The diagnosis of Parkinson is made as a result of monitoring the patient and carefully collecting his complaints. No special examination is carried out in this case.
Cure this disease is not possible, but remove some of the symptoms - yes. There are several areas in the treatment:
Drug treatment is prescribed with persistent symptoms that interfere with normal life. The patient is prescribed drugs that stimulate the production of dopamine or are his substitute. Their dosage is calculated individually due to the manifestation of side effects. Medicines are taken under the supervision of relatives and a doctor.
Surgical treatment is performed when the patient's condition worsens. During the operation, part of the brain cells responsible for tremor is destroyed. Another method is to stimulate certain parts of the brain through an implanted electrode.
Therapeutic exercise and nutrition . Since food becomes part of our body, we should not care which foods we consume. And with serious illnesses even more so. Therefore, Parkinson's patients are selected the list of products necessary for their diagnosis. Nutrition for Parkinson's disease occupies the most important place by right. Physiotherapy helps you to adapt quickly to new conditions of life.
After the diagnosis of Parkinson's, the most important thing is not to self-medicate! Early diagnosis, properly selected treatment, help and support of relatives allow the person to remain for a long time socially active and lead a normal lifestyle.
author: doctor Mikhailovskaya Oksana
Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome is a condition characterized by a premature contraction of one of the ventricles of the heart, a tendency for supraventricular tachycardia (rapid heart rate), and the appearance of atrial fibrillation and flutter. This is due to the fact that in the heart there are additional nerve conduction beams that can directly conduct excitation from the atria to the ventricles.
author: doctor Tyutyunnik DM
With such a disease as Parkinson's disease, massage is considered a very important technique, as the patient loses the ability to move freely. Massage promotes the renewal of muscle mobility, but it is especially important that it has a positive effect on the central nervous system. When Parkinsonism massage is desirable to do daily or at least every other day. In complex therapy, this gives an excellent result.
author: doctor Novikova S.P.
Nutrition issues for Parkinson's disease for patients and their families are very relevant (important). The problem of nutrition is such manifestations of the disease as involuntary movements and difficulty in chewing and swallowing food, as well as associated with taking levodopa, a decrease in appetite and nausea.
The patient's appetite is also affected by factors such as depressed state, social isolation, low income, other diseases, side effects of medications, and others.
author: doctor Kuznetsov MA
To the group of pathologies, with the defeat of the central nervous system, is the most common in the world, Parkinson's disease. It is known that aging is one of the risk factors in the onset of the disease. This causes concern for every person, especially over 60, and the question of life expectancy arises.