Catarrhal proctitis causes and diagnosis
Author: Tiutiunnik's doctor Daria.
Proctitis is a disease characterized by an inflammatory lesion of the rectal mucosa. A disease called a proctitis may have an acute or chronic form of the flow. The acute form develops practically in a few days, and sometimes even in a couple of hours. Acute proctitis can be divided into such types: catarrhal-hemorrhagic (it is considered as point hemorrhages on the mucous membrane); catarrhal-purulent (presence on a mucous purulent deposit).
If we talk about the chronic course of the proctitis, then it is characterized by sufficiently deep lesions of the mucous membrane and can develop over a long period.
The main provocative causes of this disease is considered to be the abuse of alcoholic beverages, spicy dishes, unhealthy diet, hypothermia, permanent constipation, with venous congestion in pelvic organs, diseases of adjacent organs, for example, paraproctitis, hemorrhoids, cystitis, prostatitis, cracks in the anus, and also parasitic lesions of mucous trichomonads and dysentery amoeba.
The main symptom of the presence of acute proctitis is pain in the rectum, accompanied by purulent or bloody discharge from the anus. Pain with this disease tends to increase during defecation. Acute proctitis may be accompanied by an increase in temperature, sometimes even to subfebrile values. Additional symptoms of catarrhal proctitis are pain localized in the genital organs, with recoil into the lumbar region. Typical symptoms are frequent constipation, followed by diarrhea (diarrhea) with mucus and blood. Symptoms of this ailment tend to gradually increase. The chronic form of the disease develops after a long time and alternates with the phases of exacerbation and fading. If untimely treatment, it is possible to switch to ulcerative proctitis .
Diagnosis of acute catarrhal proctitis is carried out with the help of rectoscopy, bacteriological studies of swabs taken from the rectum wall, and also using biopsy.
Treatment of severe forms (erosive, catarrhal-purulent and polypous) is carried out exclusively in the hospital. For such patients, bed rest is necessary. A necessary component for the fastest recovery is the observance of a strict diet, with the diet to exclude fried, spicy dishes, alcohol and spices. As anti-inflammatory therapy, drugs with antibacterial and bacteriostatic effects are used; these can be sulfonamides (biseptol, sulfodimezine, phthalazole), antibiotics of tetracycline and penicillin series. Antibiotic therapy is administered taking into account the definition of sensitivity to antibiotics. Sensitivity is determined by taking a culture of intestinal contents. The choice of a particular antibiotic, its dosage and duration of application is determined and appointed exclusively by a specialist.
As a local adjuvant therapy, drugs with colloidal silver (protargol, collargol,) and infusions of chamomile are used. They are used with the help of microclysters. When the inflammatory process subsides, oily microclysters, sedentary baths with potassium permanganate (manganese), and a warm shower directed to the perineal region are prescribed. In severe cases, a beneficial effect can be achieved with corticosteroids.
To fix the effect, patients need periodic spa treatment. Related to the topic of catarrhal proctitis publication will tell you more useful information.
Author: surgeon Yurevich VV
Acute paraproctitis is one of the most common inflammatory diseases of the rectum, ubiquitous throughout the world.
Author: Rudenko M.G.
People who lead a sedentary lifestyle, as a rule, are sedentary work (programmers, teachers, office workers, etc.), proctitis may develop. Proctitis is an inflammatory lesion of the rectal mucosa (for those who do not know, the rectum is the final part of the large intestine, from which the processed foods are extracted). The most frequent form is ulcerative lesion of the rectum, the symptoms of which are mucus secretion and painful bleeding from the rectum.
Author: doctor Derjushev A.N.
Proctitis - is an inflammatory process that mainly affects the mucosa of the rectum. Proctitis are acute, subacute and chronic. With such diseases as paraproctitis, hemorrhoids, rectal cancer, rectal polyps, vaginitis, cystitis, prostatitis, proctitis may be a secondary disease.
Chronic proctitis is an inflammatory disease in which the mucous membrane of the rectum is involved in this process. Proctitis is acute, subacute and chronic.