Inozemtsev Fedor Ivanovich
Inozemtsev Fedor Ivanovich entered the history of Russian public health, not only as an outstanding surgeon and doctor of medicine, but also a reformer. The name of Fyodor Ivanovich is attributed to the first in the Russian Empire ether anesthesia, conducted during an operation to remove a breast tumor. In addition, the development of methods for the treatment of cholera, scientific works from the field of research of the autonomic nervous system is also associated with his name.
But about everything in more detail, and we will begin with the short biography.
Anamnesis of life and science
Date of birth: February 12, 1802;
Place of birth: the village of Belkino in the Kaluga province;
Fyodor Ivanovich's father was the manager of the estate, according to some data a Persian or a Turk, on the other - a native of the Caucasus.
Inozemtsev entered the medical faculty of Kharkiv University in 1826, although he was delirious with medicine from an early age. After graduating from the Faculty of Medicine, he continued his education in Dorpat, in a professorial university. In 1835 - return to Russia. Some time after his return, he was appointed director of the Moscow surgical clinic. Since 1937 - Leading Professor of the Department of Surgery, until 1859.
For two years, in the period from 1939 to 1940, he visited the best clinics in Europe, learned from the leading European colleagues-surgeons.
Upon his return to Moscow, he made a tangible contribution to the formation of therapeutic and surgical clinics on the Western model.
Inozemtsev Fedor Ivanovich left a significant mark in the development of surgery and anesthesiology in Russia. The most significant of his achievements include:
Fedor Ivanovich Inozemtsev made a significant contribution to the development of medical science, adopting all the best that he could learn from foreign colleagues. His work gave a significant impetus to the development of the surgical and anesthetic service in Russia.
The author material: anesthesiologist Soldatenko V.P.
The significance of the works of Sergei Petrovich Botkin (1832-1889) for domestic and world medicine cannot be overestimated. Literally everyone in our country has heard this name at least a few times, even if he himself is far from medicine and has never consulted doctors. After all, everyone has heard about "Botkin's disease" - hepatitis A, the pathophysiology and causes of which were first described by Sergei Petrovich.
Pirogov Nikolai Ivanovich (1810-1881) - Russian surgeon, founder of the atlas of topographic anatomy (mutual location anatomy), founder of Russian military surgery and anesthesia (the science of anesthesia).
Nikolai Ivanovich was born in Moscow. At the age of 14, he entered the Moscow University, Faculty of Medicine. At 26, he was a doctor of medical sciences. After some time in St. Petersburg, he organized a hospital clinic, where he developed his own surgical methods of treatment, which less often led to amputation of limbs than surgical techniques before him.
Sklifosovsky Nikolai Vasilyevich (1836-1904) - the founder of abdominal military surgery, director of the Imperial Institute in St. Petersburg.
Peter Ivanovich Dyakonov (1855-1908) is one of the eminent surgeons of Russia. His activity in medicine was distinguished by a wide range of interests and discoveries. He showed particular interest in the development of topographic anatomy. Among the main contributions of Peter Ivanovich to this science, a special place is occupied by the description of the retrosternal space, made by fiber.