Dyakonov, Pyotr Ivanovich
Petr Ivanovich Dyakonov (1855-1908) is one of the outstanding surgeons in Russia. His activity in medicine was characterized by a wide range of interests and discoveries. He showed particular interest in the development of topographic anatomy. Among the main contributions of Pyotr Ivanovich to this science, a special place is occupied by the description of the squat space made by fiber.
In full measure the creative potential of this scientist was revealed in the field of hospital surgery. He wrote important in medicine works on aseptic and antiseptic, introduced into use in medicine naphthalene. In his further work, he was increasingly committed to aseptic rather than antiseptic means.
Also, Peter Ivanovich studied the problem of methods of anesthesia. Of great importance are his experiments with animals in order to prevent cardiovascular disorders as consequences of chloroform anesthesia. He made important discoveries in such sections of surgery as surgery on the biliary tract, pediatric surgery. He proposed his method of cholecystectomy, involving complete closure of the abdominal cavity after surgery (until 1898 in Russia it was not used).
P.I. Dyakonov is the developer of unique surgical techniques and techniques of surgical intervention. Such achievements include methods of operations with hernias in the white line, umbilical hernia localization (Dyakonov-Starkov method), circular operations on the rectum with hemorrhoids, access to the subdiaphragm space and many other operative techniques.
Diakonov was one of the first to study the problem of the patient's post-operative care. He substantiated the effectiveness of active drug treatment of such patients, early dose-related physical exertion and reduction of the period of bed rest. This surgeon advocated the need to expand the range of surgical manipulations outpatient.
In plastic surgery, as well as transplantology, he made the following achievements: original methods of rhinoplasty, bone marrow transplant surgery, plastic surgery of the lower jaw, transplantology of the skin (including the creation of a special device for conducting it). Dyakonov developed a number of special surgical instruments and devices for performing complex operations.
Diakonov was a great scientist and practitioner who made great contributions to the development of surgery. His followers and students also became well-known and talented surgeons in Russia.
Author of the material: doctor Ryazantseva Т.А.
Pirogov Nikolai Ivanovich (1810-1881) - Russian surgeon, the founder of the atlas of topographic anatomy (anatomy of mutual disposition), the founder of Russian military surgery and anesthesia (the science of pain management).
Nikolai Ivanovich was born in Moscow. At the age of 14, he entered the Moscow University in the medical faculty. At the age of 26 he was a doctor of medical sciences. After a while in St. Petersburg, he organized a hospital clinic, where he developed his own surgical methods of treatment, which led to amputation of the extremities rather than surgical techniques before him.
Buyalsky Ilya Vasilyevich (1789-1866) began his career as a student at the Medical and Surgical Academy in St. Petersburg. At first he was taken as an assistant to the draftor, and after becoming a graduate he received the position of a draftor. The projector is a person who is engaged in medical manipulations with non-living people.
Bobrov Alexander Alekseevich (1850-1904) is a graduate of the medical faculty of Moscow University, where he distinguished himself as a student for his work on "Concussion and traumatic shock". Practice was held in the clinic of surgeon Novatsky.
Sklifosovsky Nikolai Vasilyevich (1836-1904) - the founder of military surgery of the abdominal cavity, the director of the Imperial Institute in St. Petersburg.