Dyakonov Peter Ivanovich
Peter Ivanovich Dyakonov (1855-1908) is one of the eminent surgeons of Russia. His activity in medicine was distinguished by a wide range of interests and discoveries. He showed particular interest in the development of topographic anatomy. Among the main contributions of Peter Ivanovich to this science, a special place is occupied by the description of the retrosternal space, made by fiber.
The full creative potential of this scientist revealed in the field of hospital surgery. He wrote important works in medicine about asepsis and antisepsis, introduced naphthalene in medicine. In his further activities, he became increasingly committed to aseptic, rather than antiseptic.
Also, Peter Ivanovich dealt with the problem of methods of pain relief. Of importance are his experiments on animals in order to prevent cardiovascular disorders as consequences of chloroform anesthesia. Important discoveries were made in such sections of surgery as surgery on the biliary tract, pediatric surgery. He proposed his own method of cholecystectomy, which implies the complete closure of the abdominal cavity after surgery (until 1898 this was not used in Russia).
P.I. Deacon is the developer of unique surgical techniques and techniques of surgical intervention. Such achievements include methods of operation for hernias in the white line, plastic surgery for umbilical hernia (Dyakonov-Starkov method), circular operations on the rectum for hemorrhoids, access to the subphrenic space, and many other surgical techniques.
Dyakonov was among the first to study the problem of postoperative nursing. He substantiated the effectiveness of active medical treatment of such patients, early dosed physical exertion and reduction of terms of bed rest. This surgeon advocated the need to expand the range of surgical manipulations on an outpatient basis.
In plastic surgery, as well as transplantology, he made the following achievements: original rhinoplasty methods, bone marrow transplantation operations, mandible plastics, skin transplantology (including the creation of a special device for its implementation). Dyakonov developed a number of special surgical instruments and devices for performing the most complex operations.
Deacon was a great scientist and practitioner who made great contributions to the development of surgery. His followers and students became well-known and talented surgeons of Russia.
The author of the material: doctor Ryazantseva TA
Pirogov Nikolai Ivanovich (1810-1881) - Russian surgeon, founder of the atlas of topographic anatomy (mutual location anatomy), founder of Russian military surgery and anesthesia (the science of anesthesia).
Nikolai Ivanovich was born in Moscow. At the age of 14, he entered the Moscow University, Faculty of Medicine. At 26, he was a doctor of medical sciences. After some time in St. Petersburg, he organized a hospital clinic, where he developed his own surgical methods of treatment, which less often led to amputation of limbs than surgical techniques before him.
Ilya Vasilyevich Buyalsky (1789–1866) began his career as a student at the Medical-Surgical Academy in St. Petersburg. At first he was hired as an assistant prosector, and after becoming a graduate he received the post of prosector. A projector is a person who deals with medical manipulations with inanimate people.
Bobrov Alexander Alekseevich (1850-1904) is a graduate of the medical faculty of Moscow University, where he distinguished himself as a student for his work on the topic "Concussion of the brain and traumatic shock." The practice was held in the clinic of the surgeon Novatsky.
Sklifosovsky Nikolai Vasilyevich (1836-1904) - the founder of abdominal military surgery, director of the Imperial Institute in St. Petersburg.