Bobrov Alexander Alekseevich
Bobrov Alexander Alekseevich (1850-1904) is a graduate of the medical faculty of Moscow University, where he distinguished himself as a student for his work on the topic "Concussion of the brain and traumatic shock." The practice was held in the clinic of the surgeon Novatsky.
In the Russian-Turkish war he was in charge of a hospital where surgeon S. P. Kolomnin helped him write his doctoral thesis on "The mechanism of tubular bone fractures from bullets and the treatment of gunshot fractures of limbs" in 1880. Two years later, released a guide on surgical dressings. Two years later he created a theory of dislocation.
He became the head of Novatsky’s clinic after he left and lectured together with N. V. Sklifosovsky. And after his county to St. Petersburg, he continued to manage surgical diseases at Moscow University.
After publishing the course of operative surgery in 1887, five years later, A. A. Bobrov created his own method of treating inguinal hernias.
In medicine, there is the Bobrov apparatus, with which you can enter intramuscular injections by creating air pressure.
In 1896, he was involved in the surgical treatment of liver echococcosis and, being one of the first surgeons in the treatment of appendicitis by removing the appendix, combating the side effects of anesthesia. Alexander Alekseevich used the introduction of salt solutions during chloroform anesthesia, which prevented a decrease in cardiac function.
Two years later, Alexander Alekseevich was the first in the country to use X-ray diagnostics. In subsequent years, he studied the surgical treatment of pancreas, goiter and tuberculosis.
Alexander Alekseevich headed the Moscow Surgical Society.
author material: doctor Kuznetsov MA
Sklifosovsky Nikolai Vasilyevich (1836-1904) - the founder of abdominal military surgery, director of the Imperial Institute in St. Petersburg.
Pirogov Nikolai Ivanovich (1810-1881) - Russian surgeon, founder of the atlas of topographic anatomy (mutual location anatomy), founder of Russian military surgery and anesthesia (the science of anesthesia).
Nikolai Ivanovich was born in Moscow. At the age of 14, he entered the Moscow University, Faculty of Medicine. At 26, he was a doctor of medical sciences. After some time in St. Petersburg, he organized a hospital clinic, where he developed his own surgical methods of treatment, which less often led to amputation of limbs than surgical techniques before him.
The significance of the works of Sergei Petrovich Botkin (1832-1889) for domestic and world medicine cannot be overestimated. Literally everyone in our country has heard this name at least a few times, even if he himself is far from medicine and has never consulted doctors. After all, everyone has heard about "Botkin's disease" - hepatitis A, the pathophysiology and causes of which were first described by Sergei Petrovich.
Ilya Vasilyevich Buyalsky (1789–1866) began his career as a student at the Medical-Surgical Academy in St. Petersburg. At first he was hired as an assistant prosector, and after becoming a graduate he received the post of prosector. A projector is a person who deals with medical manipulations with inanimate people.