Atheroma - Symptoms and Treatment
Author: Surgeon Denisov MM
Separate tumor-like formations, which by external signs are similar to tumors, are distinguished into a separate group, but during histological examination they are not true tumors.
One of the most common tumor formation is atheroma.
Atheroma in Greek means "a tumor that looks like a porridge made from wheat flour." This disease is a retention cyst of the sebaceous gland. Atheroma occurs mainly as a result of blockage of the sebaceous gland, namely its excretory duct. Thus, it becomes impossible to eliminate the secretion of a working gland, stagnation of its contents. Moreover, the sebaceous gland turns into a tumor-like formation, due to the fact that the secret stretches the gland capsule.
A favorite place of localization of atheroma is the zone most abundantly supplied with sebaceous glands (back, scalp, face). Given the fact that the sebaceous gland is always adjacent to the hair follicles, we can safely say that atheroma is never formed in a place where there is no hair growth (palms, soles). Atheromas, located in the thickness of the skin, are characterized by a rather dense connective tissue capsule. The size is characterized by a large variety: from the size of a cherry seed to a large chicken egg. Atheromas can be both single and multiple.
Most often, multiple atheromas are located on the scalp. In this case, the patient complains of a soft, painless tumor formation that appears, which has a tendency to increase.
On examination, a tumor with a smooth flat surface, soft or tough-elastic consistency, is detected. The skin above the atheroma is thinned, closely fused with education.
As a rule, patients go to the doctor if atheroma suppuration occurs. This fact may be associated with microtrauma, combing, hypothermia. In this case, the suppuration is accompanied by pronounced local changes: the skin over the area of education turns red, even more thinner, palpation of this area is accompanied by a sharp pain. In addition, there may be a selection of the contents of atheroma.
Atheroma treatment is only surgical. The operation is small, it is performed very quickly and on an outpatient basis, therefore it is not necessary to go to the hospital, when the primary surgical treatment is carried out correctly. As an indication for the operation is a cosmetic defect, as well as the patient's complaints about frequent suppuration. Surgical intervention is performed under local infiltration anesthesia and consists in performing a complete excision or treating atheroma with the capsule. The skin is, as a rule, dissected by semi-oval cuts, between which the mouth of the sebaceous gland is clearly visible. In order to prevent the recurrence of the disease, the complete removal of the capsule is necessary.
After the formation has been removed along with the capsule, the doctor applies cosmetic stitches. In the event that the operation was carried out with complicated atheroma, the wound is not sutured, in order to ensure complete outflow of purulent contents and self-cleaning. These procedures are aimed at faster wound granulation .
As a rule, the incision is small in size, so the scar is small and barely noticeable. However, individual characteristics cannot be ruled out - sometimes the healing process takes a long time, leaving traces in the form of cicatricial changes.
author: doctor Ilona Lesnaya
Atheroma is a specific benign tumor that is localized under the skin in any parts of the body, and especially in the scalp. The cause of its occurrence is a blockage of the sebaceous glands or personal hygiene. This tumor occurs in both men and women of different ages, but men are more susceptible to this pathology. Although atheroma is a benign tumor, it still needs to be removed.
author: doctor Krivega MS
Atheroma in a child is a benign formation derived from the secretion of the sebaceous glands. This kind of cyst, which is obtained by blocking the output duct of the sebaceous gland with its secret, it has a capsule. Atheromas appear in places where there are sebaceous glands. These are usually places where hair grows: on the scalp, on the face, in the genital area or on themselves, on the neck, on the back, on the ears. The appearance of multiple atheros (they are usually small) gives the name of the disease - atheromatosis.
author: doctor Ivanova Yu.A.
An atheroma is a tumor that, according to its clinical-morphological classifications, is benign in nature and belongs to epithelial cysts. Atheroma usually develops on hairy areas of the body, therefore it is more common on the head and face, which are particularly rich in sebaceous glands. The cause of this tumor (cysts) is a blockage of the duct of these sebaceous glands.
author: doctor Sholenkina ON
When blockage of the duct of the sebaceous gland may form a cyst or atheroma. The places of her residence are parts of the body rich in sebaceous glands: the lower part of the face, the scalp, the armpits, the neck and the back. If the course is uncomplicated, the disease is easily tolerated and for a long period the patients do not complain of anything. Then there is a logical question: why delete it?